Communist Party

   The Communist Movement began in Palestine in 1919 during the British mandate and has existed continuously since that time, although it has been plagued by internal divisions and splits. Although isolated from the mainstream of political life and prevented from joining the government, Communist parties have been legal in Israel since independence and have been represented in the Knesset continuously. On average, the Communists secure four or five seats in the Knesset.
   The Israel Communist Party (Miflaga Kommunistit Yisraelit; Maki) was founded in 1948 and split in 1965. The splinter group, the New Communist List (Reshima Komunistit Hadasha; Rakah) was pro-Moscow and strongly anti-Zionist and primarily drew its membership from Israel's Arab population. In 1977, a merger of the Communist Party and the Black Panthers resulted in the creation of the Democratic Front for Peace and Equality (Hadash). Drawing on support from disadvantaged classes of Jewish and Arab Israelis, Hadash won four seats in each of the 1981, 1984, and 1988 Knesset elections. It took three seats in 1992 and five in 1996.
   The party's domestic policy platform has tended to focus on measures to improve the lot of all disadvantaged Israelis and the extension of full rights and opportunities to Israeli Arabs. In security and foreign policy, it was among the first political parties to advocate open contacts with the Palestine Liberation Organization, complete Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, and the establishment there of an independent Palestinian state. Since the first Knesset, the Communist Party was led by Meir Wilner, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. In 1990, the leadership of the party was taken over by Towfik Ziad, the former mayor of the Arab city of Nazareth, who in turn was succeeded by Hashem Ma-hameed, the former mayor of the Arab village of Umm el Fahm. In November 1997, Mahameed resigned as chairman of Hadash's ruling council, citing his frustration over internal divisions within the party.
   As Hadash, the party contested the 17 May 1999 elections under the leadership of Mohammed Barakei, winning three seats in the 15th Knesset. The Hadash-Ta'al coalition won three mandates in the 2003 election to the 16th Knesset. An electoral coalition involving Hadash and Ta'al took three mandates again in the 2006 election to the 17th Knesset.
   See also Arab Political Parties.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Communist Party — – Alberta Active provincial party Leader Naomi Rankin Founded 1930 (1930) Headquarters …   Wikipedia

  • Communist Party — n. a political party based on the principles of communism as developed by Marx and Engels and modified by Lenin, Stalin, and others, and dedicated to the establishment of communism …   English World dictionary

  • Communist party — This article is about describes the common factors held by all Communist parties. For a list of Communist parties of the past and present, see List of Communist parties. For other uses, see Communist party (disambiguation). Part of the series on …   Wikipedia

  • Communist Party — noun a political party that actively advocates a communist form of government; in Communist countries it is the sole political party of the state • Hypernyms: ↑party, ↑political party • Member Meronyms: ↑Communist * * * a political party… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Communist party — a political party advocating the principles of communism, esp. as developed by Marx and Lenin. [1840 50] * * * Political party organized to facilitate the transition of society from capitalism through socialism to communism. Russia was the first… …   Universalium

  • Communist Party —    The Communist Party of Great Britain was formed in 1920 in response to an appeal by Lenin. It was influential in the labour movement until the onset of the Cold War, which prompted longterm decline. The party was hampered by its association… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Communist Party Of —    See under individual country name for communist parties not listed as “COMMUNIST PARTY OF . . . ,” e.g., FRENCH COMMUNIST PARTY …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Communist Party — Communist Par|ty n a political party based on the principles of ↑Marxism Leninism, and believing that most economic activity (such as factories, banks, and farming) should be owned or controlled by the government …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Communist Party — Synonyms and related words: American Party, Anti Monopoly Party, Bolshevism, Bull Moose Party, Castroism, Communist Information Bureau, Conservative Party, Constitutional Union Party, Democratic Party, Democratic Republican Party, Farmer Labor… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • Communist Party — A political party, often the only political party, in various countries, supporting communism in theory, although not absolutely in practice, and upholding authoritarian forms of government; a political party in the United States, numerically… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.